I strid med demokratisk maktdelning? Gröna rättsprocessers legitimitet i global klimatstyrning. En fallstudie av domarargument i USA

Tidsperiod: 2021-01-01 till 2023-12-31

Projektledare: Jasmina Nedevska Törnqvist

Finansiär: Vetenskapsrådet

Bidragstyp: Bidrag för anställning eller stipendier

Budget: 3 150 000 SEK

Pointing to climate change related injury, citizens are increasingly turning to courts in order to take legal action against their governments. Some lawsuits, such as Juliana v. United States and State of the Netherlands v. Urgenda, have been the focus of extensive public debate. Views critical of climate change litigation are often based on the ideal of separation of powers in constitutional democracies. Yet, very little research has been done on climate litigation in respect of this ideal.The United States is a developed system of checks-and-balances that has seen a comparatively large amount of climate lawsuits. This project uses the United States as a case, investigating the extent to which such a system can avoid a conflict between climate change litigation and the ideal of separation of powers. The proposal suggests three different argumentation analyses of opinions and dissents by judges in American climate lawsuits. The aims are to find out to which extent a conflict 1) is expressed, 2) is avoided by individual judges and 3) is jointly avoided across ideological dividing lines, respectively.Part of the work will be conducted at the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at London School of Economics and Political Science. The project’s findings will be of additional use for policy-makers and an interested public, including environmental organizations, business representatives, diplomats and lawyers.