Rationell design av övergångsmetallbaserade nanolegeringar och tvådimensionella material för direkt omvandling av koldioxid till bensinbränsle

Tidsperiod: 2020-01-01 till 2021-12-31

Projektledare: Rajeev Ahuja

Medarbetare: Sudip Chakraborty, Bodh Raj Mehta

Finansiär: Vetenskapsrådet

Bidragstyp: Stöd till forskningsmiljö

Budget: 794 000 SEK

The over consumption of fossil fuels lead to escalation of CO2 emission, which in turn results in global warming. On the other hand, CO2 can be a promising feedstock for various carbon-based fuels (CH4, CH3OH, HCOOH). However, the conversion of CO2 into various hydrocarbons/alcohols is challenging as CO2 is a thermodynamically stable, non-polar and chemically inert molecule. Due to this, researchers have been mainly involved in designing catalysts for the production of C1 (CO, CH3OH, HCOOH) and short-chain based products via selective hydrogenation. However, it will be interesting to see whether CO2 can be converted back into long-chain hydrocarbons such as gasoline. For this, we have identified two reaction pathways (direct and indirect) and we predict and experimentally show that transition metal nanoalloys and 2D-Materials based catalysts can be efficient and selective for CO2 conversion into gasoline. This network with India is very important as Indian groups have demonstrated that transition metal based nanoalloys and 2D-materials based catalysts are highly active and selective for O2 and CO2 reduction reactions. They have an extensive experience in terms of designing nanoalloys and 2D-materials based efficient catalysts for various hydrogenation reactions, which makes us believe that we will be successful in terms of designing efficient and selective catalysts. The cross-linkage between Sweden and India will be built concerning the exchange of staff and students.