Klimat och samhälle under bronsåldern på Peloponnesos (Grekland)
Tidsperiod: 2020-01-01 till 2023-12-31
Projektledare: Erika Weiberg
Budget: 5 960 000 SEK
The rich archaeological and paleoenvironmental records from the Peloponnese peninsula (Greece) are investigated to provide an integrated understanding of the role of climate and climate change for Bronze Age societies (ca. 3200‒1050 BCE). These records provide information on how different societies and societal structures adapted to and utilized changing environmental conditions arising from climate change over the short-term and the long-term. The explicitly interdisciplinary project will proceed over four years and combines resilience perspectives with vulnerability assessments in a novel way using the concept of diversity as an integrative tool. Primary focus is on diachronic trends in three source categories: settlement, ceramic and paleoclimate data. These trends will provide a basis for establishing indices of vulnerability, to assess the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of Bronze Age societies to climate change. The fluctuations of the indices and the degree of correlation between them provide significant information on probable causality between factors of change and on how different societal elements contribute to the resourcefulness of humans in the face of climate change. The approach, methods and results will find relevance far beyond the Peloponnese and, given that the concepts and criteria used are also in contemporary use in relation to climate change, the results will provide a basis for cross-fertilization between the past, present and future.