El-Niños påverkan på vatten-livsmedel-energi systemet i Sydasien
Tidsperiod: 2019-01-01 till 2021-12-31
Projektledare: Claudia Teutschbein
Budget: 2 664 839 SEK
India’s agriculture, economy, water resources and societal well-being heavily rely on the Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR). But ISMR is strongly influenced by the El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. In fact, most of the historic droughts over India were associated with El-Nino years (i.e., the warm phase of ENSO). The most recent El-Nino event during 2015-2016 was one of the strongest and longest lasting events on record, during which many regions suffered from rainfall deficits, which affected food, energy and water security as well as livelihoods of local communities and farmers in particular. Given the importance of reservoirs and dams for a continuous year-round water supply, irrigation and hydropower generation in India and neighboring low-income countries, there is an urgent need to assess the impact of El-Nino on the complex water-food-energy nexus. For a region like South Asia, which is under rapid economic development, this need is even more central and calls for an urgent assessment of the role of operating policies in balancing the competing demands for irrigation supply, ecosystem services and hydropower generation. With this project, we will foster a more sustainable development of the water sector through enhanced management and operational policies, which in turn will increase preparedness as well as resilience of local stakeholder to future El-Nino events and their impacts on the complex water-food-energy nexus.