Hur ser du ut människa? Illustrationer av människan som art och ras i vetenskapliga publikationer från 1800 till nutid.

Tidsperiod: 2016-11-01 till 2018-12-31

Projektledare: Ulrika Kjellman

Finansiär: Vetenskapsrådet

Bidragstyp: Projektbidrag

Budget: 2 046 000 SEK

Several new disciplines with the purpose of investigating the human race/s from different perspectives were established in the 19th c - e.g.physical anthropology and evolutionary biology. This development coincided with the establishment of new pictorial techniques that facilitated the production and dissemination of images illustrating the research results produced within these disciplines.The aim of the project is to investigate how pictorial material was used in this scientific context, i.e. howhumans were illustrated as species and races in scientific illustrations between 1800-2000. Questions asked are: what was the function of images in this scientific practice, what pictorial techniques were put into practice, and what pictorial rhetoric did they develop and how did the pictures produced diffuse into other areas.The material will be analysed by comparative analysis of illustrations produced within this period with a special focus on technique, function and rhetoric. Theoretically the study states that scientific illustrations must be seen as products of the scientific and technological conditions and also ideological and epistemological assumptions. The image does not just reflect reality; it is also a witness and a product of the scientific practice.Illustrations produced in the realm of science has been particularly powerful and persistent; even if new scientific results contradicts what is shown, they still play a part in popular culture of everyday life.