Allativ i semitiska språk

Tidsperiod: 2016-07-01 till 2019-06-30

Projektledare: Ambjörn Sjörs

Finansiär: Vetenskapsrådet

Bidragstyp: Bidrag för anställning eller stipendier

Budget: 3 150 000 SEK

The finite verb in Semitic is sometimes extended by an ending that involves a and/or nasalization, for example the Akkadian ventive, the energic in Arabic, Ugaritic, and Aramaic, as well as the so-called nun paragogicum, the n-augment, and the conditional mood in Hebrew, Sabaic, and Soqotri respectively. The formal commonalities of these endings indicate a genetic relationship, but the meanings with which these endings are associated are diverse and sometimes difficult to assess. The purpose of this project is to 1) systematically describe this verbal grammatical morpheme in Akkadian, Northwest Semitic, Arabic, and Soqotri from a synchronic point of view using functional grammar, and 2) to provide an evaluative account of its diachronic background, using comparative methods, diachronic typology and grammaticalization theory. The proposed project connects the relevant endings to a directional notion, the allative, and its metaphorical extensions. The investigation of Northwest Semitic and Akkadian will be carried out in Cambridge (2016-2017) and Chicago (2017-2018) respectively. These research environments are beneficial to the study of the respectivelanguage groups. The project will be carried out in three partial studies and concluded in a fourth study where previous results are synthesized and compared.