Domesticerade landskap på Peloponnesos: Miljö- och samhällsdynamik från det senare neolitikum till den romerska perioden (4000 f.Kr.-300 e.Kr)
Tidsperiod: 2015-01-01 till 2018-12-31
Projektledare: Erika Weiberg
Medarbetare: Anton Bonnier, Karin Holmgren
Budget: 10 000 000 SEK
Landscapes are multifaceted archives combining natural forming processes with cultural practises and land use strategies of past generations. The aim of the project is to explore the rich archives of the Peloponnese, Greece, in order to evaluate the role of human-environment interaction in societal development over the long-term (4000 BCE-300 CE). Central to this approach are analyses of how landscapes were domesticated over time, using domestication as a concept that understands landscapes as creations, rather than the result of human adaptation to a static background. Utilizing the conceptual tool box of historical ecology, archaeological material and historical sources are combined with palaeoenvironmental and climatological reconstructions in a study of how different socio-cultural structures and economies managed and transformed their environments into liveable landscapes. The result of the project will be a diachronic and inter-regional understanding of coupled climate-environmental and cultural-historic variability from the Neolithic to the Roman period. Through the integration of historical, archaeological, climatological and environmental datasets, the project will contribute to the historical discourse of the ancient Peloponnese as well as our understanding of human-environment dialectics in pre-industrial settings, spanning the humanities and natural science divide.