Effekterna av att införa och utvidga ett universellt sjukförsäkringsprogram för fattiga: Lärdomar från Mexiko
Tidsperiod: 2014-01-01 till 2016-12-31
Budget: 2 952 000 SEK
We will carry out a comprehensive analysis of the effects of introducing and expanding publicly provided health insurance to those not covered, that is, those without a labor contract in Mexico. This is an expansion that aimed to reach half of the population, and, in particular, the poor. We aim to carry out several empirical studies to address different features associated with the implementation of such scheme. To which extent the introduction of universal health insurance coverage is effectively associated to improved access to preventive care among the most vulnerable? Who effectively benefits more from such policy? We will use differences-in-differences and regression discontinuity methods (typically used in policy evaluation), and also new econometric techniques to understand the marginal gains of expanding policies. It is also part of our plan to study whether there are non-health effects on children to learn to which extent publicly provided health investments in Latin America are effective in decreasing inequality not only in the current generation, but also in the next one. Finally, our project will contribute to a better understanding of the unintended consequences of health insurance, including the labor market, by distorting incentives to work in the formal sector, and on whether large scale programs can be used for political purposes.