Konst och natur. De tidiga tyska romantikerna, Schelling och Adorno
Tidsperiod: 2014-01-01 till 2016-12-31
Budget: 2 280 000 SEK
Research on the aesthetics of the German twentieth-century philosopher Theodor W. Adorno often focuses on the import of Kant and Hegel on his ideas concerning the relationship between art and nature. In the following research project I wish to broaden this focus by comparing Adorno´s ideas with the ones developed by the early German Romantics and F. W. J. Schelling. The project´s hypothesis is that Adorno has been influenced by Hölderlin, Novalis, and Friedrich Schlegel (the key philosophers of early German Romanticism), as well as by Schelling, to a greater extent than has previously been recognized. In Adorno´s criticism of Kant´s and Hegel´s concept of nature, many ideas that were expressed by the early Romantics and Schelling recur, among others the emphasis on humanity being part of nature and not its master. Like the early Romantics, Adorno regards art as pointing toward a reconciliation between humanity and nature without considering art as itself constituting this reconciliation. Adorno also shares with the early Romantics and Schelling a belief in art´s ability to express insights into the fundamental relationship between humanity and nature that cannot be conveyed by philosophy. The aim of the project is to provide a novel understanding of Adorno´s notion of the mediating role of art, which is essential for his aesthetics by comparing his ideas to those of the early Romantics and Schelling.